Patagonia, forests, and rain is part of what defines the Coyhaique locality located in the Aysén Region of General Carlos Ibáñez del Campo, right in the Chilean Patagonia where the Simpson and Coyhaique Rivers meet.
The name of this city and Chilean commune comes from the Tehuelche dialect which means "Camp of the Lagoon", and was imposed by non-indigenous explorers.
By the end of the 19th century, the native inhabitants of the area had mostly disappeared due to three reasons: murders, lack of food, and diseases.
After this, Chileans from the Araucanía, the valleys of Río Aysén and the General Carrera Lake basin began to arrive. Many others came from the maritime coast and the Guaitecas islands of the Chiloé Archipelago.
By 1902 the decision was made, under the influence of the British King Edward VII, that Coyhaique would formally be a border with Argentina. Hence, the processes of occupation and population of the area began, which included the deforestation of the native forests of the town.
For October 12, 1929, the city was founded under the name of Baquedano, in honor of the Chilean general Manuel Baquedano, but in 1934 it was renamed as it coincided with a city located in the Region of Antofagasta, remaining as Coyhaique.
The growth of this town was rapid, by 1948 it had become a commune, and in 1974 it became the capital of the Region of Aysén. This entire process of regionalization helped to boost the military regime.
The town of Coyhaique connects with the rest of Chile through the Carretera Austral, the Balmaceda airport, and the ports.
The climate of Coyhaique is a little complex, since you can experience the four seasons in the same day, and at the end of the afternoon you want to look for the full pot of gold at the end of the marvelous rainbow of which you will be a witness. However, most of the time the weather surprises us with rain and low temperatures with the constant. But do not forget the climate changes of recent times, of which, this city has also been a victim, so in summer you can experience up to 30 ° of temperature.
One of the consequences of the passage of man and climatic changes is air pollution by the particulate matter of the world due to the high consumption of firewood of poor quality and the use of inadequate heaters. All this caused that in 2016 the World Health Organization (WHO) determined that Coyhaique is the most polluted city in all Latin America.
However, it remains a beautiful and blessed place. Among the must-see places of this place are: General Carrera Lake, San Rafael Lake, Dos Lagunas Natural Monument, Las Torres Lake, and the recently named ex-President Michelle Bachelet, Cerro Castillo National Park, which was formerly I knew as a Nature Reserve.
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